dota2菠菜 能源

dota2菠菜能源电力混合2020

dota2菠菜 能源

dota2菠菜 has abundant energy resources such as hydro 功率, 天然气,煤炭,铀,风,地热,生物质, 太阳,潮汐和海浪。

dota2菠菜 能源 Sources

dota2菠菜 Hydropower

dota2菠菜的水力发电能力依赖于该国广阔的水资源,包括维多利亚湖,坦Tang尼喀湖,尼亚萨河,鲁瓦河,曼雅拉河,依亚西河和纳特罗尼湖等湖泊,以及全国各地的河流和盆地。

dota2菠菜的水电装机容量为562兆瓦,而潜在的额外容量估计高达4.7吉瓦。但是,传输基础设施薄弱被认为是重要的短期障碍。

In 2020, the dota2菠菜 Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) awarded two major consultancy contracts for the Rumakali和Ruhudji水电和输电线路项目.

合同已授予Novegian工程咨询公司Multiconsult,该公司将进行可行性研究,准备概念设计和招标文件以及进行环境和社会影响评估研究。

222兆瓦的Rumakali和358兆瓦的Rhuhudji项目都位于dota2菠菜南部高地的Njombe地区,可能使该国的水电总装机容量从562兆瓦翻倍至1,142兆瓦。这些项目计划立即开始,并计划在2021年第三季度完成。

dota2菠菜 Natural Gas Reserves

dota2菠菜’s estimated natural gas reserves currently (2016) stand at 57 trillion cubic feet (TCF).

能源矿产部实施石油&dota2菠菜石油开发公司(TPDC)制定天然气勘探和开发政策。

TPDC estimates that the country’s gas fields are large enough to cover the domestic power requirements and make dota2菠菜 the next natural gas hub in Africa.

dota2菠菜的天然气来自三种来源:Songo Songo,Mnazi Bay和Kiliwani North。每天的天然气总产量约为175立方英尺。

dota2菠菜有九座将天然气转化为电能的热电厂:Ubungo I和II,Tegeta,Songas,Mtwara,Somanga,Kinyerezi I和II和Dangote。每年的总产量约为650兆瓦。

dota2菠菜 Coal Reserves

dota2菠菜的煤炭储量估计为19亿吨,其中25%已探明。主要的煤炭储量位于该国西南部。

目前,不到dota2菠菜的1%’的电力来自燃煤电厂,但是,政府计划到2025年发展高达2900兆瓦的燃煤发电。

dota2菠菜 Petroleum 进口货

dota2菠菜是石油产品的净进口国。 2018年,该国进口了17.7亿美元的成品油,成为世界上第75大的成品油进口国。

dota2菠菜 imports refined petroleum primarily from India, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, and Oman.

达累斯萨拉姆港口是石油产品的主要进口点,占进口总量的99%,而其余1%则通过肯尼亚与Sirari的边界进入dota2菠菜。

Petroleum products supply in dota2菠菜 has been conducted through a Bulk Procurement System (BPS) since 2011.

根据《国际收支平衡表》,石油产品的购买是从通过竞争性招标程序选定的供应商那里进口的一批进口产品中进行的。

BPS涵盖以下等级的石油产品:汽车瓦斯油(AGO),无铅汽精(MSP),Jet A-1和照明煤油(IK)。

dota2菠菜 Renewable Energies

dota2菠菜 Solar Resources

dota2菠菜’s sunshine hours per year range between 2,800 and 3,500 with global horizontal radiation of 4–7kWh per m2 per day.

Solar resources in dota2菠菜 are especially present in the central region, and they are being exploited for both off-grid and grid-connected solutions.

To date, about 6 MW of Photovoltaic (PV) solar energy have been installed in dota2菠菜.

政府通过取消主要太阳能组件(面板,电池,逆变器和调节器)的增值税和进口税来支持该国的太阳能发展。

在2019年 the World Bank (WB) signed a grant agreement with the Government of dota2菠菜 amounting to USD 4.5 million to finance the access to a sustainable water supply through improved solar pumping systems in 165 rural dota2菠菜n villages.

dota2菠菜 Wind Resources

dota2菠菜’s wind resource assessments indicate that the Kititimo and Makambako areas have adequate wind speed for grid-scale electricity generation.

在Kititimo,风速平均为每秒9.9英里,在Makambako,风速为30米的平均速度为每秒8.9英里。

2020年6月, dota2菠菜’s first-ever wind farm in Mwenga in the Mufindi district of dota2菠菜’s Iringa region started generating electricity as part of its startup testing procedures.

2.4MW发电厂的建设已于2020年5月完成。这得益于可再生能源绩效平台(REPP)的贷款,由裂谷能源集团运营。

dota2菠菜 Biomass Sources

Biomass is dota2菠菜’s largest energy source, although much of it is produced in traditional and unsustainable ways.

据估计,dota2菠菜超过95%的家庭使用木柴和木炭作为烹饪的能源。在城市地区,大约71%的城市家庭消费木炭,大约19%的家庭消费木柴。

Biomass in dota2菠菜 is presently used for grid generation (around 18 MW) and by the agro-industry to generate its own electricity (about 58 MW estimated).

dota2菠菜 Geothermal Potential

dota2菠菜在东非大裂谷系统的大部分地区具有地热潜力。估计表明潜在潜力超过650兆瓦,大多数前景位于东非裂谷系统中。

dota2菠菜的大多数地热前景已通过其表面表现(主要是温泉)得以确定。地面评估始于1976年,迄今为止,该国已发现50多个温泉簇。

dota2菠菜政府成立了dota2菠菜地热开发公司(TGDC),专门处理该国地热资源的整体发展。

dota2菠菜 Electricity Supply & Demand

dota2菠菜的发电,输电和配电是通过TANESCO渠道进行的,TANESCO由政府完全拥有,并负责该国98%的电力生产。

Currently (2020), dota2菠菜’s total power installed capacity is 1,602 MW of which 244 MW were added in the past four years.

dota2菠菜’s electricity generation comes mostly from natural gas (48%), followed by hydro (31%), petrol (18%), solar (1%), and biofuels (1%).

dota2菠菜 also imports power from Uganda (10 MW), Zambia (5 MW) and Kenya (1 MW).

传统上对水电的依赖,加上影响该国的干旱,常常导致电力供应短缺。

为了弥补该国的电力供应缺口,TANESCO与紧急电力生产商(EPP)签约。

dota2菠菜的人均年用电量为108千瓦时,而撒哈拉以南非洲的年均用电量为550千瓦时,世界平均年用电量为2500千瓦时。

In 2019/20, 37.7% of all households in dota2菠菜 Mainland are connected to electricity, compared to 32.8% in 2016/17.

dota2菠菜 Rural Electrification

According to the National Census of 2012, about 70% of dota2菠菜ns reside in rural areas whereas 69.8% had access to electricity.

在农村地区,上网家庭在2019/20年度占24.5%,而2016/17年度为16.9%。

This is why the Government of dota2菠菜 plans to increase rural connection levels to 50% by 2025 and at least 75% by 2033.

成立了农村能源委员会(REB),农村能源署(REA)和农村能源基金(REF),以促进,刺激和促进dota2菠菜农村地区获得现代能源服务。

资料来源: 非洲开发银行(AfDB),国际能源署(IEA),牛津商业集团, 农村能源局(REA)
最后更新:2020年9月11日


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